Systematic Political Science


Theological Geography and Threat Assessments with Geosematics:
Synthesizing the Systematic Political Science Subsets of
Political and Cultural Geography to Delete Structural Holes

Dallas F. Bell, Jr. 

1. An Introduction to the History of Geography

Geography (Greek from geo, meaning Earth, and graphein, meaning to write or describe) is the study of the descriptions of the external features of the Earth.  Geography's emphasis is not just on the spatial characteristics of the earth's surface, it also addresses the phenomena of the behavior of living things, primary human.  There are frequent disputes among geographers concerning the scope and vocabulary of geography.  History will ultimately decide what is viable.  Generally, there is agreement that the discipline of geography is divided into the two main fields of physical and human geography. 

The roots of geography can be genealogically traced back to Eden.  The four rivers that flowed out of Eden were the Hiddekel or Tigris River (land east of Assyria), the Pison River (land of Havilah west of Ural), the Gihon River (land of Ethiopia) and the Euphrates River.[1]  

The Bible records Abraham was given the land from the Nile to the Euphrates River between 1920 B.C. and 1911 B.C.*[2]  That was a Divine covenant which was a monergism (meaning by the work of one, mon or one and erg or work.)  This land was called the Promised Land, Beulah (meaning to be master of) [3] and the Holy Land.[4]  That territory is also recognized as Israel with its capital at Jerusalem.  Jerusalem is known as the place of the temple of God [5] and is called Salem [6], the Holy City [7], Zion [8], city of truth [9], city of David [10] and the city of God [11], etc. 

In 1275 B.C. Moses established laws for selling land.[12]  The law also directed the land was to be farmed for six years and not farmed on the seventh year.[13]   

In 1235 B.C. Moses directed city planning.[14] 

In 1228 B.C. Joshua divided the Israeli land.[15] 

From 545-538 B.C. Isaiah wrote about the Earth as a circle.[16] 

Circa 500 B.C. Pythagoras is credited with also proposing that the Earth was a sphere. 

Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) followed the spherical reality with a proof by observation. 

Eratosthenes was a librarian in Alexandria.  He calculated the circumference of the Earth in 240 B.C. 

Matthew records the leasing of land in the fall of 29 or spring of 30 A.D.[17] 

Ptolemy, an Alexandrian astronomer, compiled data (c.147) to translate the spherical world onto a plane using 360 degrees with longitudes and latitudes. 

In 271 the magnetic compass was being used in China. 

Explorers like Marco Polo in 1271, Christopher Columbus in 1492, James Cook in 1768 and David Livingstone in 1840 contributed to the soundness of geographic details. 

The university curriculum in Europe, during the 1800's, recognized geography as an academic discipline.  Leaders of the discipline were those like Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), Alexander von Humbolt (1769-1859), Carl Ritter (1779-1859) and Paul Vidal de la Blache (1845-1918). 

Today the tools of remote sensing satellites and supercomputers greatly increase the pursuits of geographers, especially the Geographic Information System (GIS).  The GIS is a computing system for creating, storing, analyzing and managing spatial data. 

2. The Branches of Geography

The motif of systematic political science is the connection of theological beliefs which form epistemologies that calibrate all individual human behavior.  Individual behaviors are collated into societal behavior that is based on eschatological beliefs from the chosen theology.  Political geography is interested in the relationship between politics and geography.  It looks at how nation-states are formed, their treaties, historical boundaries and election results, etc.  Cultural geography may include the topics of globalization, immigration, tourism and hegemony as they apply to cultural differences. 

If we understand that all behaviors are effects from causes, it is axiomatic that political and cultural geography have structural holes regarding the initiating cause of the behaviors they observe.  Those causes are the epistemologies formed by the authority and standard for truth, which is derived from a chosen theology.  Kant recognized six branches of geography with one being theological geography.  Theological geography includes identifying the cause for human behavior and therefore has the potential to provide the overarching category for all human geography sub-disciplines. 

3. Theological Geography

Theological geography is not religious geography which may or may not have a text that its followers may or may not choose to adhere.  Nor is it moral geography which may or may not relate to natural laws.  Theological geography ties human behavioral options to specific compliance with or noncompliance with Natural Laws of Freewill (NLF).  This process should determine what people may or may not do and allows for data retrieval and mapping for analysis. 

Herman Dooyeweerd (1894-1977) philosophically determined that perceptions of reality are affected by theological beliefs as Nietzsche's geophilosophy demonstrates. Johan Rudolf Kjellen (1864-1922) first used the term geopolitics.  His concepts shaped the Nazi strategy under Hitler who hanged Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906-1945).  International relations studies foreign affairs of nation-states and is also affected. 

A list of characteristics for nation-state data would be as follows.

--Name of the nation-state
--Area or size
--Total population by date and age categories, (Y1) <20, (Y2) 20-60,
   (Y3) 60> years
--Total individuals:
   with a (T1) theological belief compliant with 10 NLF; by religion and language
   with a (T2) theological belief compliant with 5-9 NLF; by religion and language
   with a (T3) theological belief compliant with 0-4 NLF; by religion and language
--Societal groups (P)
   P1 (51%>) of T1 or T2 or T3; by IQ of average, gifted and lower
   P2 (25-47%) of T1 or T2 or T3; by IQ of average, gifted and lower
   P3 (2-24%) of T1 or T2 or T3; by IQ of average, gifted and lower
--Societal history (H)
   H1 is aY1 to Y3 of T1 history
   H2 is aY1 to Y3 of T2 history
   H3 is aY1 to Y3 of T3 history
--First, Second or Third World system and level
--Geographic position (G)
   G1 is isolated
   G2 the neighbors share the same majority T beliefs
   G3 the neighbors do not share the same majority T beliefs
--The T beliefs of the geographer(s) compiling the data 

The statistics and type of government, education, healthcare, justice, economy, labor, communications, transportation, treaties and military could augment the country summary.  All data can then be transferred to specific physical map overlays for geographic presentation.  Cultural alternity (other), which defines some citizens as included and others excluded, can be observed. 

4. Threat Assessments

Threat assessments are conducted by security and intelligence agencies of nation-states.  They categorize the behavior of the people in specific geographic regions.  Those behaviors may include terrorism, general espionage and economic espionage, proliferation, the targeting of information infrastructure and government(s), perception management and foreign intelligence activities.  A threat is then determined by the probability of those behaviors occurring. 

Threat assessments are closely related to risk assessments which involve determining the vulnerability and likelihood of risk for an area.  Intelligence analysts, who are expert to a region, prepare intelligence estimates that contain probabilities of behavior for their area of expertise.  Those estimates are usually brief and only considered reliable for a short period of time. 

The nation-state summary from theological geography could be a useful tool for accurate assessments and estimates.  When they are employed with the META game theory formulae and Analysis Worksheet confidence can be enhanced that the structural holes in the data has been deleted.  Logic validity can then be evoked such as the commonly used modus ponens (measure, to put; to put down).

If P, then Q.
Therefore, Q. 

Here is an example.

If they have T3 beliefs, then they are a behavioral threat.
They have T3 beliefs.
Therefore, they are a behavioral threat. 

This reasoning can be illustrated by U.S. college professors.

If U.S. professors believe in evolution (theology), then they are Marxists (behavior).
U.S. professors believe in evolution.
Therefore, they are Marxists. 

Also this logic can use proof by contrapositive called modus tollens (measure, to take away; take away).

If P, then Q.
Q is false.
Therefore, P is false. 

This reasoning can be applied to Christian theology.

If there is peace (behavior), then Christian beliefs (theology) are there.
There are no Christian beliefs there.
Therefore, there is no peace. 

5. Geosemantics

When people say that a part of town is dangerous or refer to the Muslim Middle East they have naturally connected theological behavior with land.  This semantic process adds to the establishment of both land and behavioral/theological boundaries.  Aristotle defined a boundary as the point where each of the concerned parties is completely absent and where each of the concerned parties begins.  That point is commonly described between nation-states (the land) and behavioral compliance with NLF (the theologies of T1, T2 and T3.)  Geosemantics and linguistics should deal with understanding the taxonomy of words associated with theological geography's lexicon.

6. Conclusion

Theological geography is often witnessed today.  It has been informally present for around six thousand years when Adam was told to subdue and rule over the Earth and be fruitful and multiply.  He disobeyed NLF, which broke the Divine covenant, for which the punishment was exile [18] from the land of Eden.[19]  There is hope in the covenant that says if God's people who are called by His name will humble themselves and pray and seek His face and turn from their wicked ways then He will forgive their sin and heal their land.[20]  Additionally, Jesus said that the meek shall inherit the Earth.[21]  Such covenants from the infinite God would still apply to present situations, e.g. God said that He would bless those that bless Israel and curse those that curse Israel.  This curse would likely include coercive diplomacy.[22] 

Admittedly, theological geography is complex but by synthesis of political and cultural geography the structural holes can be deleted.  Therefore threat assessments and other analysis can and should be made more reliable.  Solomon warned that by blessings of the upright the city is exalted; but it is overthrown by the mouth of the wicked.[23] 

[*Some dates may be disputed among scholars.] 


[1] Gen. 2:8-15
[2] Gen. 12, 15:18-21; Deut. 6-8; Josh. 1:7,8
[3] Is. 62:4
[4] Zech. 2:12
[5] II Thess. 2:4; Acts 15:14-18
[6] Gen.14:18
[7] Matt. 4:5
[8] Ps. 48:12
[9] Zech. 8:3
[10] II Sam. 5:6,7
[11] Ps. 46:4
[12] Lev. 25:15-33
[13] Ex. 23:10-11
[14] Nu. 32:24, 35:5-15
[15] Josh. 14-21
16] Is. 40:22
[17] Matt. 21:33-44
[18] Gen. 3:4-24
[19] Is. 37:12
[20] II Chron. 7:14
[21] Matt. 5:5
[22] Gen. 12:3
[23] Prov. 11:11 

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